Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia is a court established to try the most senior responsible members of the Khmer Rouge for alleged violations of international law and serious crimes perpetrated during the Cambodian genocide
Case 002 tried two former Khmer Rouge leaders: Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan who were charged with crimes against humanity and genocide against the Vietnamese group inside and outside Cambodia territory.
Hun Sen insisted on the court’s establishment “for the sake of the nation we had to do it.” in order to rescue the nation from embedded mental trauma.
The coalition between Cambodia and United Nations for this second court lies in the motivation of peacebuilding and gaining justice, “in bringing to justice those persons responsible for the genocide and crimes against humanity during the rule of the Khmer Rouge from 1975 to 1979”
The establishment of ECCC re-strengthens Hun Sen’s political image
The efforts of the founded court were from the intrinsic motives to gain justice back for Cambodians
The born of People's Republic of Kampuchea Party (PRK) in accordance with the support of Vietnam
The PRK tried to overthrow the Pol Pot regime and later on made attempts to accuse the Pol Pot regime of the genocide crime
The People’s Revolutionary Tribunal first raised the genocide crime “of Pol Pot and Ieng Sary”. Later on, it was believed to have been biased because “the 1979 trial was not conducted impartially and independently with regard to due process requirements)”
The letter that Cambodian Secretary-General sent to the United Nations (hereby known as UN) got rejection. However, this second attempt placed as a founding stone for The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (hereby known as ECCC).